SKOTTSBERG, CARL JOHAN FREDRIK

1880 - 1963 from Sweden


Swedish botanist, was born on 1 December 1880 in Karlshamn, Sweden and had his early schooling there. His father was a schoolmaster but died when Skottsberg was 6 years old, and a few years later, the family - mother and four children - moved to Stockholm. After high school in Stockholm he went to university in Uppsala and obtained his PhD in botany in 1907, becoming an assistant professor there the same year. In 1919 he became professor in Gothenburg and later, in 1934-35, at Yale University in the United States. He was awarded an honorary PhD by Montpellier University in France in 1959.

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313 Botanist.

He participated in the Swedish South Polar Expedition of 1901-1904 together with Otto NORDENSKJÖLD and CA LARSEN and established his first contacts in the Falkland Islands then. This was useful to him during the Swedish Magellanic Expedition 1907-1909, which he led, when he was able to visit many of the outlying islands in the Falklands to study plants and mosses. Among other places and islands he visited were: Roy Cove, Weddell Island, Beaver Island, New Island, West Point Island, Clifton Station, Hill Cove, Saunders Island, Fox Bay, Port Howard, Darwin, San Carlos and Port Louis. During this expedition he also revisited South Georgia where he had spent some time during the southern autumn of 1902. Later expeditions took him to Juan Fernandez and Easter Island (the Swedish Pacific Expedition 1916-17), Hawaii (1922, 1926, 1938, 1948), Tunisia (1924), Japan and Ceylon {Sri Lanka} (1926), Java (1929), Morocco (1936), New Zealand (1938 and 1949), Argentina (1948), Australia and New Caledonia (1949).

His studies of the vegetation and plants of the Antarctic, sub-Antarctic, South American and Pacific areas have been internationally recognised and have led to a revision of the classification of these plants, emphasising the problems of island plants. During his career he published and was involved in many articles and books including Two Years in the Antarctic (1904), The Wilds of Patagonia (1911), and To Robinson-Island and the End of the World (1918). He was deeply involved in the publication of The Life of Plants (1932-40, 5 volumes, of which he wrote most of vol 5, introducing a new classification for plants).

He was very active until the day he died, 14 June 1963. He had three children and he has been described as a good family father except when he was involved in organizing, reading, writing or travelling; things he was almost constantly doing!

Authors

Stefan Heijtz