William Luxton (1840-1881), a mason, was born in Petrockstow, Devon.
He joined the Royal Marines and whilst serving on HMS Hero was valet to the Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII) during the Prince’s visit to North America in 1860. By November 1863 he was sailing from England on the Velocidade with a detachment of 20 marines under the command of Lieutenant GH Elliot, bound for the Falkland Islands.
Arriving in January 1864 they took over from the troops of the Falkland Islands Company which was commanded by Captain Molony. It was not a happy posting. A matter of two months later Elliot was complaining to the Governor about the problem of the detachment having to cut and haul peat for use in the barracks.
By 1865 the stipendiary magistrate was writing to the governor that ‘Our garrison of Royal Marines has never been equal to its duties owing to its small numbers. Since then two members have been sent home and with the additional loss of one now under confinement allowing also for illness and other contingencies the detachment is at this moment very nearly useless’.
William Luxton returned briefly to Devon to marry Mary Ann White (1834-1917) at St Sidwell, Exeter on 25 September 1869.
He returned to the Islands with his family in early 1869, and worked for the Dean family. They had three children, John Thomas (1870-1934), Beatrice Mary (1872-1895) and William Henry (1877-1952).
Luxton died in 1881. It seems likely that Mary Ann Luxton was already working as domestic help for Mrs Orissa DEAN who, with her husband George, took the family under their wing.
When George Markham Dean died in 1888, Mrs Dean continued to care for the family. She had had no children, and she cared and provided for the fatherless Luxton children as if they had been her own.
John Luxton married Mary Jane Sharp (1874-1950) in 1895. He had trained as a cabinet maker in England and was also a portrait photographer. They had five children, George Thomas (1896-1902), Markham James (1898-1974) who married Winifred Dorothy Newing and had two daughters Joyce Orissa (b1928) and Ariel Lorna Bessie (b1931), Stanley Charles (1903-1961) who married Isabella Short and had one son (Henry Thomas 1927-1979) and two daughters Ada Isobel (b1930) and Ursula Mary (b1932), Orissa Mary Jane (1907-1957) who married Edward McAtasney, and Ernest Falkland (1911-1999) who married Sybil Grace Binnie and had three sons, John Thomas (b1934), David Kerry (b1944) and Robin (b1952).
This family was based in Stanley, and most now live either in England or New Zealand, but there are a few descendants resident in the Falklands today.
Beatrice Luxton married William Lewis of Keppel Island in 1892. Her daughter Orissa (1893-1986) was born in 1893 and her son Markham in 1895. Beatrice died ten days after the boy was born and the children were brought to Stanley to Orissa Dean and their Luxton grandmother. In due course William Lewis, who had gone to farm in Patagonia, remarried and took his son back there, where the Lewis family is to be found today.
Orissa Lewis remained with Mrs Dean. In 1916, she married Reginald Carew POLE-EVANS who was the manager of Port Howard station and they had two sons, Douglas Markham POLE-EVANS (1917-1992), Anthony Reginald (b1919), and a daughter Audrey Orissa (1918-1975). Most of their descendants are living in the Falklands today.
William Henry Luxton married firstly Agnes Maud Smith (1882-1920) in 1901. Agnes Maud died in 1920 and in 1933 he married Constance Miller.
They had one son, Peter (b1935). William and Agnes Maud had three children: Beatrice Orissa Maud (1902-1974) who married Hugh Cullen HARDING; Viola Mary (1906-1973) who married Howard Wickham CLEMENT and had two daughters, Sally Gwynfa (b1942) and Judith Orissa (b1945) and Keith William Edwin (1908-1977) who married firstly Betty Hamilton and had a son William Robert, (b1940) and a daughter Lynne Faye (1942-1946). Keith’s wife Betty died in 1951 and he married Margaret Hodges in 1952. They had one daughter Jennifer Mary (b1953).
This is a family of farmers. William Henry Luxton started work at Port Stephens and then moved to Chartres, both of which were Dean properties. He inherited a two third share of Chartres station from Orissa Dean, and subsequently his grandson William Robert (Bill) bought the remaining third.
Both of his daughters married farmers, and his eldest son Keith and then his grandson Bill farmed Chartres after him.
The Third Generation
William Robert (Bill) Luxton (b.1940) married Hilary Marsh and they had two sons - Christopher and Michael. They divorced in 1968 and Bill subsequently married Patricia (Pat) Fielder in 1970, and they had one son - Stephen.
In 1982 Argentina invaded and occupied the Falklands for 74 days during which time Luxton was identified by the Argentine military junta as a potential troublemaker. Along with his wife, Patricia, and their children, Luxton was deported to the UK where he became notable for giving numerous interviews about his experiences with the Argentine military. Luxton and his family returned to the islands at the end of the Falklands War … Bill Luxton served on LegCo as a nominated member from 1971-1976, and as an elected member from 1989-2011 ... Luxton's portfolios in the Falkland Islands Government included Civil Aviation, Development Corporation, Aquaculture and Rural Development. Luxton is noted for his strong criticism of Argentina's policy on the Falkland Islands. Luxton resigned from the Legislative Assembly in 2011.
Several other members of the family served on LegCo, the first being William Henry in 1929. Keith William was a Legislative Councillor in 1948, and again in 1952 when he was joined on Council by his cousin Stanley Charles. Keith was an Executive Councillor in 1955.
January 2020 One additional photograph added
February 2020 Text amended; one additional photograph added
June 2020 One additional photograph added
April 2022 Main text amended; one additional photograph added