HOPE, CHARLES

1798 - 1854 from Scotland


naval officer, was born in Scotland in 1798, the second son of Charles Hope, lord president of the Court of Session in Scotland, and Charlotte, daughter of John, second Earl of Hopetoun. He entered the navy on 24 June 1811 as a second-class volunteer in the Sarpedon. After serving as a midshipman in a succession of ships in 1815 he joined the frigate Alceste, Captain Murray Maxwell, and in her took part in the following year in Lord Amherst's embassy to China. On the voyage home the Alceste was wrecked in Gaspar Strait (Selat Gaspar, Indonesia) on 18 February 1817: the survivors, including Hope, landed on an island in the strait while one of the boats was sent to Batavia {Jakarta} for assistance. Before being rescued, the survivors had to beat off an attack by Malay pirates. On his return to England, Hope was appointed as lieutenant, on 22 February 1818, to the Liffey, in which he served in the Mediterranean and off Lisbon. In 1822 he was promoted commander and in February 1824 he was appointed in command of the 10 gun brig-sloop Brisk. In September of that year he captured a large smuggling lugger off Flamborough Head, with a cargo of considerable value.

In January 1826, Hope was promoted captain. On 12 September 1826 he married Anne, eldest daughter of Rear Admiral Henry Webly Parry and in October 1830 he was appointed in command of the 28 gun frigate Tyne on the South American station. Following the attack on Port Louis by Captain DUNCAN of the USS Lexington, the Admiralty was ordered to send a ship to Port Egmont in West Falkland to exercise right of sovereignty. In consequence Rear Admiral Sir Thomas Baker ordered the Clio, Commander JJ ONSLOW, to proceed to the Falklands and at the same time ordered Hope, who was about to sail for Peru with the new British representative, to call at the Falklands en route. Both ships sailed from Río on 20 November 1832. The Clio entered Berkeley Sound on 2 January 1833, and after the forced departure on Don José María PINEDO and the Sarandi, returned to Río. The Tyne called at Port Egmont on 10 January 1833 and left a placard asserting British ownership. She anchored off Port Louis on 14 January, and sailed again on the 18th. Hope sent Admiral Baker a lengthy report of his visit. He noted that the Islands were worthy of colonisation and recommended the despatch of a detachment of marines.

Prior to being paid off in January 1834 the Tyne had covered over 82,000 miles, a greater distance than by any other vessel since the end of the Napoleonic War. Hope subsequently commanded the Dublin and Thalia, being employed in the latter frigate between 1841-45 in the East India and Pacific stations, after which he was placed on half-pay. He died on 6 August 1854. His wife had died on 24 December 1836.

Authors

Andrew David